Tonkawa Tribal Profile
 

Tonkawa Tribe of Oklahoma

 

Federal Reservation

 

Tribal Seal

 

Tonkawa Tribe

Kay County, Oklahoma

 

Tonkawa Tribe of Oklahoma

1 Rush Buffalo Road

Tonkawa, Oklahoma 74653

(580) 628-2561

Fax: (580) 628-3375

Website: www.tonkawatribe.com

 

 

Total Area

1,232.57 acres

 

 

Federal Trust

994.33 acres

Tribally owned

994.33 acres

Allotted

238.24 acres

 

 

High School Graduate or Higher

61.5%

Bachelor’s Degree

08.3%

Unemployment Rate

21.9%

Per capita income

$ 5,556

 

 

Total Reservation Population (BIA)

537

Tribal enrollment (BIA)

684

     
LOCATION AND LAND STATUS
 
   The Tonkawa Tribal Reserve is located in Kay County, in Northern Oklahoma. Tribal headquarters are situated on the west bank of the Chikaskia River, about 2.5 miles southeast of the town of Tonkawa. Ponca City lies just 12 miles east via U.S. 60. Oklahoma City is approximately 100 miles due south. The tribal reserve consists of 994.33 acres of federal trust land. These trust lands are supplemented by 238.24 acres in individual allotments.
   Ft. Oakland, on the original Tonkawa Reserve, was occupied by Chief Joseph’s Nez Perce from 1878 to 1885. In 1885 the Tonkawa were assigned 91,000 acres of land within this reservation. These lands were allotted, and the remainder opened for white settlement.
 
CULTURE AND HISTORY
 
   The Tonkawa Tribe of Oklahoma is descended from the Tonkawan - speaking people of central Texas. Inhabiting a cultural convergence zone, the Tonkawa blended with the Caddoan culture to the east, the plains culture to the north, and the Coahuiltecan culture of northern Mexico. The tribe was first mentioned in 1691 by Spanish explorers; contact was also made with the French in 1719. During the mid-19th century, white settlers pressure for Tonkawa Lands spurred the federal government to settle the tribe on two small reservations in Texas. In 1859, the Tonkawas were removed to Indian Territory near present-day Anadarko. In 1862, seven agency tribes banded together and raided the
Tonkawas, and the remaining members fled to Fort Griffin, Texas, remaining there until 1884. That year, the federal government relocated the tribe temporarily to the Sac-Fox agency and then in the spring of 1885 to Fort Oakland in Indian Territory, previously inhabited by Chief Joseph*s band of exiled Nez Perce. In 1891, the Tonkawa Reserve was allotted to 73 members. The Tonkawa Tribe of Oklahoma incorporated in 1938.
   The Tonkawa Tribe aims to increase economic opportunity for its members while earning revenues through a tribally owned gaming facility, as well as a smoke shop/convenience store/gas station facility.
 
GOVERNMENT
 
   The Tribal Committee composed of a president, vice president and secretary/treasurer, serves as the elected governing body for enrolled tribal members. Committee members serve two-year terms, with elections occurring every other year.
   The Tonkawa Tribe is organized under the Oklahoma Indian Welfare Act, having adopting a constitution and bylaws on April 21, 1938. This constitution was amended on April 2,1977 and on September 1, 1994.
 
GAMING
 
   The tribe operates a Class II/III gaming facility managed by an independent tribal entity.
 
SERVICES
 
   In addition to tribally owned businesses, the tribe administers federally funded programs and services in education, job training, health and diabetes care, transportation, child care and others.
 
INFRASTRUCTURE
 
   Tonkawa Tribal headquarters are accessible from Ponca City, via U.S. 60. U.S. 77 connects Tonkawa with Blackwell, 12 miles north. Interstate 35 passes just three miles west of Tonkawa, connecting with Oklahoma City and beyond. Commercial and private air service is available in Ponca City, 12 miles east. Bus lines, truck lines and express package carriers also serve Ponca City.
 
COMMUNITY FACILITIES
 
   A community center is located at Fort Oakland on the tribal reserve near Tonkawa. Tribal members receive electricity and gas service from regional providers.
   Tribal members receive health care through the Pawnee Agency in Pawnee, approximately 30 miles southeast of the tribal reserve. Hospitals are also located in Ponca City. Children attend Kay County Public Schools.
 

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Website Maintained by: The Tonkawa Tribe of Oklahoma
E-mail me with any questions or comments that you may have and I will route them to the appropriate people ASAP.

 

Mailing Address:
     Tonkawa Tribe of Oklahoma
     1 Rush Buffalo Road
     Tonkawa Ok, 74653
Phone:
     (580) 628 - 2561
Fax:
     (580) 628 - 3375

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